Asian Art data from the Jameel Centre at the Ashmolean Museum

As part of the Oxford GLAM discovery project, I have created a data set in Wikidata describing more than three thousand art works in the Yousef Jameel Centre for Islamic and Asian Art at the Ashmolean Museum.

What is on Wikidata is only a part of the Jameel data, containing the sorts of items which are most likely to have creator / depiction relationships with other entities. So it includes paintings, prints, scrolls and manuscripts rather than, say, textile fragments. The Jameel website itself has images and narrative that are not shared on Wikidata: the point of sharing selected data is to create new discovery pathways for the Jameel items.

This is ongoing work: the list of creators is by no means complete and may be added to in future.

To enable the display of Wikidata SPARQL queries in this notebook, I first need to include these lines:

import urllib.parse
from IPython.display import IFrame
baseurl='https://query.wikidata.org/embed.html#'

def wdq(query='',width=800,height=500):
  return IFrame(baseurl+urllib.parse.quote(query), width=width, height=height)

Total number of statements

wdq("""SELECT (SUM(?count) as ?total) WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wikibase:statements ?count.
}
""",width=300,height=70)

Items with most statements

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""SELECT ?item ?itemLabel ?url ?count WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wikibase:statements ?count.
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
} ORDER BY DESC(?count)
LIMIT 20
""")

Types of things in the data set

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""SELECT ?typeLabel ?typeDescription (COUNT(?item) AS ?count) WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P31 ?type; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en" }
} GROUP BY ?type ?typeLabel ?typeDescription ORDER BY DESC(?count)
""")

The real excitement comes with matching up the catalogue with other, existing sources of data. The catalogue identifies artists by name. Names by themselves do not connect to biographical information. Once the names are connected to Wikidata identifiers, we can draw on the thousands of other sources that are also connected to Wikidata. For example, we can get links to biographical articles about the artists from third-party sources.

Benezit Dictionary of Artists entries for artists in the data set

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""SELECT DISTINCT ?creator ?creatorLabel ?creatorDescription
  (URI(CONCAT("http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.",?benezit)) AS ?benezit_link) WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wdt:P170 ?creator. ?creator wdt:P2843 ?benezit.
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
} ORDER BY ?creatorLabel
""")

Getty Union List of Artist Names entries for artists in the data set

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""SELECT DISTINCT ?creator ?creatorLabel ?creatorDescription
  (URI(CONCAT("http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/",?ulan_id)) AS ?ulan_link) WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wdt:P170 ?creator. ?creator wdt:P245 ?ulan_id.
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
} ORDER BY ?creatorLabel
""")

English Wikipedia articles about artists in the data set

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""SELECT DISTINCT ?creator ?creatorLabel ?creatorDescription ?enwp WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
VALUES ?prop {wdt:P170 wdt:P50}
?item ?prop ?creator.
    ?enwp schema:about ?creator; schema:isPartOf <https://en.wikipedia.org/>.
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
} ORDER BY ?creatorLabel
""")

Entities most frequently depicted in the art works (Top 30)

Mouse over a bubble to get the full name and number of depictions.

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""#defaultView:BubbleChart
SELECT DISTINCT ?depicted ?depictedLabel (COUNT(?item) as ?count) WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wdt:P180 ?depicted.
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
} GROUP BY ?depicted ?depictedLabel
ORDER BY DESC(?count)
LIMIT 30
""")

Map of places depicted in the art works

wdq(width=1000,height=400,query="""#defaultView:Map
SELECT DISTINCT ?depicted ?depictedLabel ?coords WHERE {
?item wdt:P195 wd:Q636400; wdt:P973 ?url FILTER (STRSTARTS(STR(?url),"http://jameelcentre") ).
?item wdt:P180 ?depicted. ?depicted wdt:P625 ?coords
SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
}
""")

For a more user-friendly way to browse this data set, see Collections Explorer.

Dr Martin Poulter, martin.poulter@bodleian.ox.ac.uk